Challenges and Security
Infrastructure costs for deploying 5G are steep. Berkeley Varitronics Systems’ Schober says 5G networks carry more data but travel less distance. “This requires more physical infrastructure, such as towers, antennas, and relays than even 4G,” Schober says. “We are only now beginning to see significant investments being poured into 5G network build-outs and will continue to see much more in the coming years until 5G gains widespread deployment for adoption by the masses.”
Because 5G requires large investments, the business proposition can be challenging. Analysys Mason’s Gabriel says U.S. operators need to establish a clear business case for investing in 5G that is optimized for enterprise and industrial usage, not just for the conventional mobile broadband applications.
“5G will become prominent for consumer, home, and mobile broadband services in the U.S. before many other countries, because the operators have moved quickly, and there is a high demand for applications enabled by high data rates, such as AR gaming,” she says. “However, to transform the workplace, there needs to be investment in adjacent technologies like edge cloud infrastructure, network slicing, (and) new device form factors.”